Oncology

Oncology

Cells, which are the building blocks of the body, form tissue. These tissues form organs. In this cycle, cancer starts during the phase of cell collection in tissue formation not during the forming phase of tissues into organs. Normally, cells form according to the needs of the body. After that recognition, they grow, divide and give rise to newly required cells. In old age, cells die and are replaced by newer ones.

Sometimes this cycle fails. This failure is outside the control of the body, as the body either needs more cells or old cells do not die when they should. This uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells is called a tumor mass. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Malignant types of cancer can be seriously life-threatening. Sometimes they may recrudesce even after being removed from the body, or they may spread to neighboring or distant organs. 

WHAT ABOUT ONCOLOGY? 

Using three methods of oncology (surgical oncology, medical oncology (chemotherapy) and radiotherapy treatment and monitoring,) patients can be closely tracked and monitored. Surgical oncology is a very effective method diagnosing the disease and usually results in removal of the present tumor from the patient’s body. After the surgical treatment, or in the case when the tumor spreads to more organs, the second stage of treatment is medical therapy (chemotherapy). The third stage of treatment is radiotherapy. 

WHAT ARE THE FACTORS THAT CAUSE CANCER? 

The factors that cause the cancer are different. According to experts and specialist doctors in the field of oncology, the most important factors that cause cancer are as follows:

Genetic factors. External factors (%85) such as: smoking, alcohol, chemical substances, radiation, some infections, unhealthy nutrition, air pollution, less movement and being overweight. . Internal factors (%15) such as: hereditary causes, changes, immune deficiencies, endocrine and metabolic disorders. 

WHERE SHOULD BE THE TREATMENT OF CANCER BE UNDERGONE? 

Cancer treatment is a group of complex and difficult applications, for that reason, it must be undergone at the most professionalized centers and executed by the most expert doctors in the field.

CANCER TYPES- Lung cancer - Non-small cell lung cancer - Small cell lung cancer - Risk Factors for lung - Colon - Breast cancer - OvarianThere are some more types of ovarian cancer. The most common type is epithelial ovarian cancer. Other types are very rare. 

WHAT ABOUT UTERINE CANCER? 

Uterine cancer occurs due to the uncontrolled proliferation of cells to the endometrial layer. Cancer cells can reach remote regions of the body or surrounding organs through lymph nodes through blood flow. A rare tumor of the uterine is called a sarcoma. These tumors are composed at the muscle layer in the uterus.